Qualcomm: a history
Sources claim that Qualcomm is investigating ot...
Sources claim that Qualcomm is investigating other avenues, but such an acquisition could prove a huge boost to the semiconductor industry, and chip makers are consolidating at an impressive rate.
Qualcomm has become one of the biggest chip-makers and patent licensing businesses in the world, with 224 worldwide locations and a current stock price of $68.50. But how has it grown so much since its inception in 1985? Here is a brief history of the company:
1985 – Qualcomm was founded by Professor Irwin M. Jacobs, Andrew Viterbi, Harvey White, Adelia Coffman, Andrew Cohen, Klein Gilhousen, and Franklin Antonio, the former two being alumni of MIT.
1990 – The company began designing the first CDMA-based cellular base station.
1992 – The manufacture of CDMA cell phones began, alongside base stations and chips.
1992 – Qualcomm acquired Eudora, an email client for use in its OmniTRACS system, boosting Qualcomm’s little-known name in the industry.
1997 – Qualcomm further improved its exposure by renaming the Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego to Qualcomm Stadium for the next 20 years.
1999 – Qualcomm sold its base station business to Ericsson, the cell phone business to Kyocera, and focussed entirely on developing its wireless technologies.
2011 – Steve Mollenkopf became COO.
2013 – Vista Equity Partners took over the OmniTRACS business.
2014 – Qualcomm made a deal with CSR Plc, allowing it to beat its biggest rival, Microchip Technology. Steve Mollenkopf was promoted to CEO and announced that Qualcomm would target the data centre market with sever chips based on ARM architecture. Qualcomm saw huge growth in profits during this time as its Snapdragon System-on-Chip poached market shares from competitors. Qualcomm was even beating Intel for a time, but was then forced to catch up quickly when Apple A7 hit the market.
2015 – Qualcomm was forced to cut jobs and even executive wages in order to reduce costs, but rejected calls to split the company, deciding instead to keep its chip-making and patent license businesses solid.
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Siemens: Providing the First Industrial 5G Router
Across a number of industry sectors, there’s a growing need for both local wireless connectivity and remote access to machines and plants. In both of these cases, communication is, more often than not, over a long distance. Public wireless data networks can be used to enable this connectivity, both nationally and internationally, which makes the new 5G network mainframe an absolutely vital element of remote access and remote servicing solutions as we move into the interconnected age.
Siemens Enables 5G IIoT
The eagerly awaited Scalance MUM856-1, Siemens’ very first industrial 5G router, is officially available to organisations. The device has the ability to connect all local industrial applications to the public 5G, 4G (LTE), and 3G (UMTS) mobile wireless networks ─ allowing companies to embrace the long-awaited Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).
The router can be used to remotely monitor and service plants, machines, as well as control elements and other industrial devices via a public 5G network ─ flexibly and with high data rates. Something that has been in incredibly high demand after being teased by the leading network providers for years.
Scalance MUM856-1 at a Glance
- Scalance MUM856-1 connects local industrial applications to public 5G, 4G, and 3G mobile wireless networks
- The router supports future-oriented applications such as remote access via public 5G networks or the connection of mobile devices such as automated guided vehicles in industry
- A robust version in IP65 housing for use outside the control cabinet
- Prototypes of Siemens 5G infrastructure for private networks already in use at several sites
“To ensure the powerful connection of Ethernet-based subnetworks and automation devices, the Scalance MUM856-1 supports Release 15 of the 5G standard. The device offers high bandwidths of up to 1000 Mbps for the downlink and up to 500 Mbps for the uplink – providing high data rates for data-intensive applications such as the remote implementation of firmware updates. Thanks to IPv6 support, the devices can also be implemented in modern communication networks.
Various security functions are included to monitor data traffic and protect against unauthorised access: for example, an integrated firewall and authentication of communication devices and encryption of data transmission via VPN. If there is no available 5G network, the device switches automatically to 4G or 3G networks. The first release version of the router has an EU radio license; other versions with different licenses are in preparation. With the Sinema Remote Connect management platform for VPN connections, users can access remote plants or machines easily and securely – even if they are integrated in other networks. The software also offers easy management and autoconfiguration of the devices,” Siemens said.
Preparing for a 5G-oriented Future
Siemens has announced that the new router can also be integrated into private 5G networks. This means that the Scalance MUM856-1 is, essentially, future-proofed when it comes to 5G adaptability; it supports future-oriented applications, including ‘mobile robots in manufacturing, autonomous vehicles in logistics or augmented reality applications for service technicians.’
And, for use on sites where conditions are a little harsher, Siemens has given the router robust IP65 housing ─ it’s “dust tight”, waterproof, and immersion-proofed.
The first release version of the router has an EU radio license; other versions with different licenses are in preparation. “With the Sinema Remote Connect management platform for VPN connections, users can access remote plants or machines easily and securely – even if they are integrated in other networks. The software also offers easy management and auto-configuration of the devices,” Siemens added.