Jun 11, 2020

Digital businesses best positioned to combat COVID-19

Automation
Manufacturing
Billy Sisk
6 min
Digital transformation
Billy Sisk, Life Sciences Industry Manager EMEA, Rockwell Automation on why digitally transformed business are best positioned to combat COVID-19...

The World Health Organisation’s declaration of Coronavirus (COVID-19) as a global pandemic is unprecedented, a situation the like of which has not been seen in generations. Its effects have been felt worldwide, and its exponential escalation has had a huge impact on the ability of health services to cope with the volume of cases.

Immediate action is required and has been taking place to get the disease under control, minimise its spread, and treat those who have contracted it. A phrase you’ll have seen in the news is ‘flattening the curve,’ the strategy aimed at reducing strain on health services by regulating transmission of the virus and protecting the most vulnerable in our society.

In lieu of a vaccine, many countries have put in place strict rules aimed at separating people: ‘lockdowns’ and curfews, with some, including China, Denmark and Ireland, acting quickly to shut down schools and non-essential movement and work.

In addition to this social distancing, overcoming the COVID-19 outbreak is reliant on the use of preventatives, such as alcohol-based hand gels and sanitisers, face masks and testing kits. Given the illness’ propensity to attack the respiratory system, ventilators are also essential to assist with treatment. And with an overwhelming spike in demand, all of these products are in short supply.

Responding Quickly to Global Emergency

Praise for battling the virus is deservedly being levelled at healthcare professionals on the frontline. But we have also seen incredible innovation in the manufacturing space, aimed at helping with some of the challenges COVID-19 has brought.

This can be seen in various areas, such as traditional distilleries manufacturing alcohol gels for hospitals, and automotive and aerospace manufacturers repurposing their production facilities and supply chains to meet the urgent new demand for ventilators.

And, of course, the life sciences businesses that already produce these essential products are ramping up their own operations, and the pharmaceutical industry is fast-tracking the development of a vaccine.

These companies’ prompt efforts have been made possible by digital transformation initiatives and connected enterprise solutions. The capabilities afforded by these strategies have allowed executive decisions to filter into action in ways that would have been unimaginable during previous global crises.

Digital Rises to the Challenge

Businesses that have embraced digital transformation are better positioned to adapt to immediate demands while maintaining production of other critical goods. In particular, there are three areas in which technology is proving vital in helping these businesses make a difference:

1. Safety and Business Continuity

Businesses always put the safety of employees first, but the definition of ‘safety’ has changed: it must now incorporate adequate social distancing to prevent their workforce from getting sick. For office-based employees, working from home is generally straightforward; for manufacturers, on-site operators and engineers are usually essential.

Continuity is also a major consideration for manufacturers. Human needs still exist even in the midst of crisis. For pharmaceutical manufacturers, this is especially pronounced, as people still need other critical and sometimes life sustaining medicines. Keeping their production lines operating and getting drugs to market in the midst of this crisis is extremely challenging.

Potential Solution: Remote technologies

Businesses with the capability to manage their critical operations remotely are far better positioned to ensure plant safety while taking appropriate measures to safeguard continuity. For example, augmented reality (AR) provides machine operators with step-by-step instructions direct to smartphones and wearable devices such as smart glasses.

This also enables remote engineers to provide guidance to site-based operations staff even when they are not on-site – vital to ensuring social distance while maintaining operations and adapting production lines. It also allows technical specialists from essential equipment suppliers to remotely troubleshoot and support manufacturing operations.

2. Responding to Increased Demand at Scale

Prior to the Coronavirus outbreak, the NHS had 8,175 ventilators, and now many thousands more are urgently required. China was responsible for manufacturing 60% of the world’s face masks. Ramping up operations and supply chains to meet immediate demand is an issue all manufacturers are wrestling with.

Potential Solution: Connected Operations and IoT Technologies

Technologies such as advanced analytics of digitised operations enable businesses to accurately forecast how they can scale production to meet market demand and positions them for data-driven decision-making.

It provides real-time insight into the functioning of their production lines, where they are losing productivity, what steps are creating bottlenecks, where preventative maintenance is required and any process improvements that can be made. To achieve this level of insight, manufacturers must have connected operations, enabling the large volumes of data produced by their connected assets to be contextualised. This allows tools such as analytics to deliver real value.

Meanwhile, artificial intelligence (AI) is helping these businesses make the right decisions faster, as it thrives on complexity, crunching through multi-vector data at a speed impossible for humans. It is also being widely used in the drug discovery stage and has the capacity to dramatically reduce the time it will take to find a COVID-19 vaccine. I’ll discuss this point further in a later blog.

3. Flexibility & Knowledge Transfer

Car manufacturers, for example, are not accustomed to producing ventilators, and will need to dramatically alter their production lines and supply chains in order to do so. At the same time their engineers are trying to overcome the challenges of learning to produce a completely new product.

Potential Solution: Flexible manufacturing lines

Businesses that have adopted technologies such as independent cart technology (ICT) have a high degree of flexibility already built into their production lines. These technologies enable businesses to rapidly adapt to changing demands and deliver increased throughput and much faster machine changeover times to produce new products at scale. A high degree of automation means that less on-site intervention is required than with traditional production lines, enabling plants to run effectively on a skeleton staff.

The need for speed

We are all in a situation without precedent. We all have a role to play in resolving it, and it is uplifting to see industry working together to stop the spread of COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Speed is the word, here: speed of separation of people, speed of production, speed of increasing capacity of the critical supply chain for those essential items required to defeat the virus.

It’s clear to me that the manufacturers that have already invested in digital technology – those that have successfully connected their enterprise and operations – are able to maintain production and react faster to rapidly shifting market dynamics.

Through the deployment of technologies that support remote working, data-driven decisions and flexible production, they are best suited to moving quickly and adapting their operations and supply chains to meet the challenge at hand, giving us the best possible chance to flatten the curve.

For more information on manufacturing topics - please take a look at the latest edition of Manufacturing Global.
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Jun 8, 2021

IMF: Variants Can Still Hurt Manufacturing Recovery

IMF
Manufacturing
COVID19
Musk
Elise Leise
3 min
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) claims that while markets are rising and manufacturing is coming back, it’ll push for global immunisation

After a year of on-and-off manufacturing in the US, UK, and the eurozone, demand for goods surged early last week. Factories set growth records in April and May, suppliers started to recover, and US crude hit its highest price point since pre-COVID. As vaccination efforts immunise much of the US and UK populations, manufacturers are now able to fully ramp up their supply chains. In fact, GDP growth could approach double-digits by 2022

Now, the ISM productivity measure has surpassed the 50-point mark that separates industry expansion from contraction. Since U.S. president Biden passed his US$1.9tn stimulus package and the UK purchasing managers index (PMI) increased to 65.6, both sides of the Atlantic are facing a much-welcomed manufacturing recovery. 

Lingering Concerns Over COVID

Even as Spain, France, Italy, and Germany race to catch up, and mining companies pushed the FTSE 100 index of list shares to a monthly high of 7,129, some say that UK and US markets still suffer from a lack of confidence in raw material supplies. Yes, the Dow Jones has made up its 19,173-point crash of March 2020, and MSCI’s global stock index is at an all-time high. 

Yet manufacturers around the world realise that these wins will be short-lived until pandemic supply chain bottlenecks are solved. If we keep the status quo, consumers will pay the price. In April, inflation in Germany reached 2.4%, and across the EU’s 19 member countries, overall prices have increased at an unusual pace. Some ask: Is this true recovery? 

IMF: Current Boom Could Falter

Even as Elon Musk tweeted about chip shortages forcing Tesla to raise its prices, UK mining demand skyrocketed; housing markets lifted; and the pound sterling gained value. The International Monetary Fund (IMF), however, cautioned that manufacturing recovery won’t last long if COVID mutates into forms our vaccinations can’t touch. Kristalina Georgieva, Washington’s IMF director, noted that fewer than 1% of African citizens have been vaccinated: “Worldwide access to vaccines offers the best hope for stopping the coronavirus pandemic, saving lives, and securing a broad-based economic recovery”. 

Across the globe, manufacturing companies are keeping a watchful eye on new developments in the spread of COVID. Though US FDA officials don’t think we’ll have to “start at square one” with new vaccines, the March 2021 World Economic Outlook states that “high uncertainty” surrounds the projected 6% global growth. Continued manufacturing success will in large part depend on “the path of the pandemic, the effectiveness of policy support, and the evolution of financial conditions”. 

Mathias Cormann, secretary-general of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) concurred—without global immunisation, the estimated economic boom expected by 2025 could go kaput. “We need to...pursue an all-out effort to reach the entire world population”, Australia’s finance minister added. US$50bn to end COVID across the world, they imply, is a small investment to restart our economies.

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