Breakthrough; Lowering emissions in steel manufacturing
Published by the journal Nature, in the study, Professor Mark Rainforth and Dr Junheng Gao from the University’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering led a team who developed a new way of making lightweight, high strength steel that may be adapted for mass manufacturing.
The new technique developed can produce steel with a strength of nearly 2GPa (a 1cm diameter wire would be capable of holding a weight of 15 tonnes) and an elongation of 45 per cent (meaning it is able of being formed into complex shapes), showing how ultra-fine grained streel can deliver superior mechanical properties.
“The secret behind this success is the inclusion of copper - an element which is traditionally avoided in steel production because of the detrimental effects it can have on the properties of particular types of steel.
“Copper is increasingly being found in recycled steels because much of it is made using recycled cars and other engineered items that contain electrical wiring. With steelmakers looking to use more recycled materials in their production process to become more sustainable, copper is now being seen as unavoidable by the industry,” says the .
This new process for manufacturing lightweight, high performing steel could help auto manufacturers looking to manufacture lighter, more sustainable vehicles.
“Copper is typically seen as an element to avoid by steelmakers as it can have a negative impact on certain types of steel. However, what we’ve managed to do here at Sheffield is develop a completely new technique that is able to harness copper in a positive way in order to produce a truly world-leading quality of steel. This steel is high strength and incredibly lightweight, meaning it can be used to manufacture vehicles that are better for the environment,” said Professor Mark Rainforth, Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Sheffield.
Four Factory of the Future Market Trends to Keep an Eye on
Global Smart Manufacturing Market
Attributed to the rapid growth in the adoption of automated systems in industrial processes, the is predicted to grow from US$$175bn (2020) to US$303bn by 2026 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.4% between 2019 and 2026.
While COVID-19 has somewhat slowed down the market’s growth, it is expected that by the second to third quarter of 2023 there will be a ‘considerable’ rise in growth for the market.
Key players in the industry: Schneider Electric, General Electric, Siemens, Honeywell International Inc., Rockwell Automation Inc., FANUC Corporation, and Emerson Electric Co.
Industrial Automation Market
Making people’s lives easier, and their work more accurate and effective, the global demand for automated technologies such as robotics - especially in science and technology - is driving its increase in global market value.
Key players in the industry: ABB, Siemens, General Electric, Schneider, Endress+Hauser, Yokogawa, Honeywell, WIKA, Azbil, Fuji Electric, 3D Systems, and HP.
Smart Factory Market
Expected to grow from US$80.1bn (2021) to US$134.9bn by 2026, the - with a CAGR of 11% between 2021 and 2026 - is experiencing growth driven by fiscal policies adopted to keep manufacturing facilities afloat during COVID-19.
Other driving factors include resource optimisation, cost reduction in production operations, increased demand for industrial robotics, rising demand for technologies, and the growing significance of energy efficiency.
Key players in the industry: Emerson Electric Co., General Electric, Rockwell Automation, Inc., Schneider Electric SE, ABB Ltd., Siemens AG, Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Honeywell International Inc., Endress+Hauser AG, and Yokogawa Electric Corp.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Manufacturing Market
“It is undeniable that the manufacturing industry is at the forefront of artificial intelligence implementation,” says . “Manufacturers are using AI-powered analytics to increase performance, product quality, and employee protection, from substantial reductions in unplanned downtime to better crafted goods.”