India will now serve as a hub for worldwide automotive supply
Renault-Nissan Alliance CEO Carlos Ghosn, speaking at the 2016 World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, has announced that India will now serve as a hub to supply cars worldwide.
This statement follows the hugely successful launch of the Renault Kwid, launched in India last year and costing around $38,000. Ghosn had previously advocated local manufacturing for local markets for the Alliance, but his stance has changed thanks to the positive reaction to the Kwid. Its production, previously done elsewhere according to Ghosn at its unveiling, is now based firmly in a Chennai plant which now enjoys 97 percent localisation.
Renault-Nissan is currently working on several new models for the Indian market; car penetration is at 20 cars per 1,000 people in India and growth is expected. The Kwid follows Renault’s CMF-A platform, part of Renault-Nissan’s larger Common Modular Family strategy. There is a high likelihood of similar compact vehicles emerging in the near future for both Alliance brands.
Although the manufacturing slowdown in China has adversely affected Ghosn and his brands, he is optimistic about 2016. He puts India alongside China and the US as a key market in the worldwide motoring industry, and stated at the World Economic Forum event that Renault-Nissan will remain true to its promise of mass-market, mass-produced electric vehicles by 2020. He also believes that the biggest hurdle with self-driving cars is not technology, but road safety and the necessary rules required to support it.
Ultium Cells LLC/Li-Cycle: Sustainable Battery Manufacturing
Ultium Cells LLC - a joint venture between General Motors and LG Energy Solutions - has announced its latest collaboration with Li-Cycle. Joining forces the two have set ambitions to expand recycling in North America, recycling up to 100% of the scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing
What is Ultium Cells LLC?
Announcing their partnership in December 2019, General Motors (GM) and LG Energy Solutions established Ultium Cells LLC with a mission to “ensure excellence of Battery Cell Manufacturing through implementation of best practices from each company to contribute [to the] expansion of a Zero Emission propulsion on a global scale.”
Who is Li-Cycle?
Founded in 2016, Li-Cycle leverages innovative solutions to address emerging and urgent challenges around the world.
As the use of Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries in automotive, industrial energy storage, and consumer electronic applications rises, Li-Cycle believes that “the world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations to better recycle these batteries, while also meeting the rapidly growing demand for critical and scarce battery-grade materials.”
Why are Ultium Cells LLC and Li-Cycle join forces?
By joining forces to expand the recycling of scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing in North America, the new recycling process will allow Ultium Cells LLC to recycle cobalt, nickel, lithium, graphite, copper, manganese and aluminum.
“95% of these materials can be used in the production of new batteries or for adjacent industries,” says GM, who explains that the new hydrometallurgical process emits 30% less greenhouse gases (GHGs) than traditional processes, minimising the environmental impact. Use of this process will begin later in the year (2021).
"Our combined efforts with Ultium Cells will be instrumental in redirecting battery manufacturing scrap from landfills and returning a substantial amount of valuable battery-grade materials back into the battery supply chain. This partnership is a critical step forward in advancing our proven lithium-ion resource recovery technology as a more sustainable alternative to mining, " said Ajay Kochhar, President, CEO and co-founder of Li-Cycle.
"GM's zero-waste initiative aims to divert more than 90% of its manufacturing waste from landfills and incineration globally by 2025. Now, we're going to work closely with Ultium Cells and Li-Cycle to help the industry get even better use out of the materials,” added Ken Morris, Vice President of Electric and Autonomous Vehicles, GM.
Since 2013, GM has recycled or reused 100% of the battery packs it has received from customers, with most current GM EVs repaired with refurbished packs.
"We strive to make more with less waste and energy expended. This is a crucial step in improving the sustainability of our components and manufacturing processes,” concluded Thomas Gallagher, Chief Operating Officer, Ultium Cells LLC.