Huawei asks: are you ready for Industry 4.0?
As the world continues to urbanise, and with a global population projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, many governments have put agricultural development at the top of the agenda to help promote production efficiency.
Fuelled by the advancement of digital technologies, the German government first introduced the term Industry 4.0 to promote the computerisation of manufacturing. Hailed as the fourth industrial revolution, Industry 4.0 will see intelligent machines and smart factories usher in a new era of manufacturing with the German government continuing to promote the concept vigorously as a means to new economic growth.
European industry is evolving to a new era
Holmer, a modern large-scale German agricultural company, has already paved the way for Industry 4.0 by using telematics in smart harvesting, predictive maintenance and other fields of innovation. Holmer is working with Huawei and Fraunhofer, a leading environmentally focused European research organization, to set up a preventive maintenance Demo lab, which helps customers avoid unplanned downtime and reduces maintenance costs. ABI Research predicts that by 2019, the global maintenance market value will be US$24.7 billion, of which US$14.7 billion will be attributed to preventive maintenance, or 60% of the total market value.
In the case of Holmer, Huawei provided its IoT platform, IoT gateway, cloud platform, and data transmission network to allow production data to be shared with local government functions. For example, if Holmer’s machines are harvesting sugar beets, data about the soil and water can be collected by the sensors and then sent to the local environment and water authorities. After analysing this data, the authorities can develop new applications to help improve production. Huawei and Holmer’s solution will be fully tested this year and officially deployed on a large scale.
Huawei is also working with a number of other European partners to provide ICT solutions towards Industry 4.0. Huawei has 18 R&D centers in eight European countries. The research fields include wireless networks, microwave, chip, engineering, mathematics, and aesthetics. In Europe, Huawei has established close collaborations with more than 700 partners and over 120 academic institutions. It has also participated in the Horizon 2020 project of EU.
But what’s next?
With each European possessing 7.2 IoT devices on average, there is a solid basis for Europe to implement a wider Industry 4.0 strategy outside of Germany and take the lead in global industrial digitalisation.
Current Industry 4.0 technology and practices are able to benefit organisations and consumers worldwide. However, achieving this requires globalised regulation and standards and efficient interconnections between devices as well as open collaboration.
The future development of Industry 4.0 depends on a number of key factors:
- IoT security – safeguarding connected devices and networks in the Internet of Things
- Things-oriented operating systems – which resolves interconnection problems
- Ecosystem building – application programming interfaces (API) economy that is oriented to long tail markets
- Analytics and enablement technologies, including Big Data analytics – a must-have for businesses to thrive
- Device management and connection of connections:
- Device management – management of IoT devices firmware upgrade, alarm and status monitoring
- Connection of connections – close-loop data processing in each level. For example IoT Gateways could be equipped with Edge computing functions to reduce data traffic round-trip-time, latency and improve overall QoS. It could also differentiate service data flow and route the data via a different path
- LPWA solutions – over the next few years, so-called low power wide area (LPWA) networks could play an important role in connecting a range of devices that need to be low mobility, low power and low cost. Part of IoT, these connections are likely to serve a diverse range of industries, such as automotive, utilities and health and cover a range of applications and deployment scenarios in which mobile and short-range wireless network technologies may not be best placed to provide connectivity
- The integration of local processors and Edge computing empowered by networking
There are a number of problems solved by using the new network component at the edge of the network in between the cloud and the Gateway / Sensor Industrial IoT and field IoT networks.
Edge computing, with strong support by networking, will solve the following problems:
- The high cost of backhaul bandwidth. The Edge computing enables bandwidth optimisation of the communication networks between the cloud and the Industrial and IoT communication networks. Currently using a cloud only based approach works well for single sensor systems in multiple different locations, where there are low data rates and where there are existing communication capabilities. However where higher data rates are required, for example with video streaming, it is not efficient or cost effective to directly backhaul from either the IoT device or from the Gateways. The Edge computing can act as an additional aggregation point to collect data traffic. One study has shown that IoT traffic, which may have to be transported long distance nationally or internationally, can be reduced by 95% which will lead to much reduced costs. The longer the distance to travel back to the cloud the great the cost savings.
- Reduce the risk of data loss and security risk due to network outage. The Edge computing gives higher availability and adds more resilience to Industrial and IoT communication networks. In the event of a communications outage towards the cloud, the Edge computing will work autonomously as required to perform local data processing and automation of the networks. Edge servers can act as backup to another in case of failure.
- Provide high latency for certain applications. The Edge computing has the capability to do a lot of the data processing and analytics that would normally be done today back in the cloud. However this latter approach can result in too high latency which will not be suitable for some latency sensitive applications where quick response times and decisions need to be made in real time. Devices and sensors will be able to interact locally and exchange information to enable smarter applications and services.
- Time consuming setup and re-configuration of Gateway and Sensor Networks. Policies, configurations and parameters can be tested, controlled and adjusted on a more local level. Gateways can be setup and controlled in a more agile manner using Software Defined Networks (SDN) technology utilised by the Edge server. The agile controller in the Edge computing manages agile gateways through southbound interfaces, delivers applications and VMs to agile gateways, and obtains information about the gateways and attached terminals.
- Sensor networks that cannot integrate with multiple clouds. The Edge computing can also provide interfaces to multiple clouds that will enable new possibilities for interaction with applications / data stored in other clouds.
So how should organisations get involved and start contributing to Industry 4.0? A good first step is to engage with and join organisations such as Platform Industries 4.0. Over 150 organisations are registered as part of this industrial body. Huawei has been an active member of the industry alliance for many years and has various products that are helping the development of Industry 4.0. Open collaboration is key, and Huawei’s enterprise gateway product AR can be integrated with the platforms of other vendors for example, while its IoT platform provides open APIs to third parties.
Industry 4.0 is the future
The era of Industry 4.0 is upon us and it’s time for organisations to get involved to accelerate its adoption, creating smart industry networks based on open standards. Huawei believes that the future world is a fully connected one and it will be Industry 4.0 that will makes the world a better and smarter place to live and work.
Karabet Krikorian is Head of WEU IoT & Industry 4.0 Solution Innovation, WEU Solutions Management, Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd
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Ultium Cells LLC/Li-Cycle: Sustainable Battery Manufacturing
Ultium Cells LLC - a joint venture between General Motors and LG Energy Solutions - has announced its latest collaboration with Li-Cycle. Joining forces the two have set ambitions to expand recycling in North America, recycling up to 100% of the scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing
What is Ultium Cells LLC?
Announcing their partnership in December 2019, General Motors (GM) and LG Energy Solutions established Ultium Cells LLC with a mission to “ensure excellence of Battery Cell Manufacturing through implementation of best practices from each company to contribute [to the] expansion of a Zero Emission propulsion on a global scale.”
Who is Li-Cycle?
Founded in 2016, Li-Cycle leverages innovative solutions to address emerging and urgent challenges around the world.
As the use of Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries in automotive, industrial energy storage, and consumer electronic applications rises, Li-Cycle believes that “the world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations to better recycle these batteries, while also meeting the rapidly growing demand for critical and scarce battery-grade materials.”
Why are Ultium Cells LLC and Li-Cycle join forces?
By joining forces to expand the recycling of scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing in North America, the new recycling process will allow Ultium Cells LLC to recycle cobalt, nickel, lithium, graphite, copper, manganese and aluminum.
“95% of these materials can be used in the production of new batteries or for adjacent industries,” says GM, who explains that the new hydrometallurgical process emits 30% less greenhouse gases (GHGs) than traditional processes, minimising the environmental impact. Use of this process will begin later in the year (2021).
"Our combined efforts with Ultium Cells will be instrumental in redirecting battery manufacturing scrap from landfills and returning a substantial amount of valuable battery-grade materials back into the battery supply chain. This partnership is a critical step forward in advancing our proven lithium-ion resource recovery technology as a more sustainable alternative to mining, " said Ajay Kochhar, President, CEO and co-founder of Li-Cycle.
"GM's zero-waste initiative aims to divert more than 90% of its manufacturing waste from landfills and incineration globally by 2025. Now, we're going to work closely with Ultium Cells and Li-Cycle to help the industry get even better use out of the materials,” added Ken Morris, Vice President of Electric and Autonomous Vehicles, GM.
Since 2013, GM has recycled or reused 100% of the battery packs it has received from customers, with most current GM EVs repaired with refurbished packs.
"We strive to make more with less waste and energy expended. This is a crucial step in improving the sustainability of our components and manufacturing processes,” concluded Thomas Gallagher, Chief Operating Officer, Ultium Cells LLC.