Bridging the technical skills gap in manufacturing
British manufacturing is facing a major skills shortage and according to the EEF Skills Report 2016, technical ability and understanding of new software are among the top gaps in the industry. This is due to a combination of pressures; economic uncertainty that has resulted in a decrease in graduate hires, and an ageing, retiring workforce, which, when combined, mean that there are not enough workers to meet the growing demand. To secure the future of UK manufacturing therefore, it has never been more important for companies to attract young, talented, creative and original thinkers to help plug the skills gap.
Although engaging the next generation in schools and universities helps to future-proof businesses, more needs to be done to increase enthusiasm about the industry and perhaps more pertinently, to stop top talent from flocking to digital-first companies in other industries. However, this is no easy feat, especially when there is a stigma around engineering work being confined to the production line. To attract a generation that’s grown-up with digital technology at their fingertips, companies will need to meet their technological desires by adopting and showcasing new innovations, such as advanced design tools, additive manufacturing and connectivity.
Attracting new talent using technology
Littlehampton Welding, a specialist steel fabricator, is a great example of how adopting cutting edge technologies can help attract a younger workforce. The company grabbed the attention of a talented young fabricator because it was using advanced manufacturing solutions, alongside Building Information Modelling (BIM) tools that he’d never encountered before, as they are traditionally used in the construction industry.
The young recruit was able to use the BIM tools immediately when Littlehampton asked him to help out on a collaborative sculpture project at Goodwood Festival of Speed. This was a complex project with numerous process challenges – from learning how to manage the project schedule to delivering on the client conception and installation – which put his new-found skillsets to the test. In doing so, he was also able to learn more about visualising objects through 3D modelling – a key tool for advanced manufacturing.
Driving the skills shortage down
As the nature of manufacturing changes, and the industry shifts to be more high-tech and design-focused, it will require a new set of skills from the workforce. The future of making things has lessened the need for hands-on manufacturing and has instead evolved the industry to a state where machines are not only able to be programmed to ‘do’, but also to think and adapt.
For example, through generative design – the use of smart algorithms that mimic nature’s approach to design – we no longer have to tell machines what we want, instead they now understand our requirements. It's a completely new way of designing that in theory, removes the element of human error and comes up with utterly new ways of creating objects. This requires a digitally-capable workforce that can manage these machines and optimise the production line through them.
Recruiting top talent will therefore be essential. But as we’ve seen with Littlehampton, enhancing the workforce’s skillset doesn’t necessarily stop within the manufacturing sphere. Some sectors will require employees to learn about the latest advancements in construction technologies, such as BIM, as design technologies slowly blur the lines between these two industries.
Offering part-time work placements to students who are still at university is another way that traditional manufacturing companies can attract top talent with fresh ideas, who are often more willing and inquisitive to explore the impossible. While students will be getting hands-on experience, they will also be helping their employer to try, test and learn new technologies and accelerate their journey towards the future of making things.
To ensure a brighter future for British manufacturing, businesses must continue to adopt new technologies. There is no doubt that the evolution of the factory floor is going to progress even further and that companies will need to ensure they are keeping on top of the trends to stay ahead of the curve. Failure to do so will leave them at risk of not only losing out on the top talent that will underpin their competitive edge, but also, future customers and prospects as well.
By Asif Moghal, Senior Manufacturing Industry Manager, Autodesk
Follow @ManufacturingGL and @NellWalkerMG
Ultium Cells LLC/Li-Cycle: Sustainable Battery Manufacturing
Ultium Cells LLC - a joint venture between General Motors and LG Energy Solutions - has announced its latest collaboration with Li-Cycle. Joining forces the two have set ambitions to expand recycling in North America, recycling up to 100% of the scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing
What is Ultium Cells LLC?
Announcing their partnership in December 2019, General Motors (GM) and LG Energy Solutions established Ultium Cells LLC with a mission to “ensure excellence of Battery Cell Manufacturing through implementation of best practices from each company to contribute [to the] expansion of a Zero Emission propulsion on a global scale.”
Who is Li-Cycle?
Founded in 2016, Li-Cycle leverages innovative solutions to address emerging and urgent challenges around the world.
As the use of Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries in automotive, industrial energy storage, and consumer electronic applications rises, Li-Cycle believes that “the world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations to better recycle these batteries, while also meeting the rapidly growing demand for critical and scarce battery-grade materials.”
Why are Ultium Cells LLC and Li-Cycle join forces?
By joining forces to expand the recycling of scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing in North America, the new recycling process will allow Ultium Cells LLC to recycle cobalt, nickel, lithium, graphite, copper, manganese and aluminum.
“95% of these materials can be used in the production of new batteries or for adjacent industries,” says GM, who explains that the new hydrometallurgical process emits 30% less greenhouse gases (GHGs) than traditional processes, minimising the environmental impact. Use of this process will begin later in the year (2021).
"Our combined efforts with Ultium Cells will be instrumental in redirecting battery manufacturing scrap from landfills and returning a substantial amount of valuable battery-grade materials back into the battery supply chain. This partnership is a critical step forward in advancing our proven lithium-ion resource recovery technology as a more sustainable alternative to mining, " said Ajay Kochhar, President, CEO and co-founder of Li-Cycle.
"GM's zero-waste initiative aims to divert more than 90% of its manufacturing waste from landfills and incineration globally by 2025. Now, we're going to work closely with Ultium Cells and Li-Cycle to help the industry get even better use out of the materials,” added Ken Morris, Vice President of Electric and Autonomous Vehicles, GM.
Since 2013, GM has recycled or reused 100% of the battery packs it has received from customers, with most current GM EVs repaired with refurbished packs.
"We strive to make more with less waste and energy expended. This is a crucial step in improving the sustainability of our components and manufacturing processes,” concluded Thomas Gallagher, Chief Operating Officer, Ultium Cells LLC.