May 16, 2020

Airbus to pay $1.4bn payout for delays in A400M program

Sophie Chapman
2 min
Airbus to pay $1.4bn for delays
Due to delays on its A400M program, the aircraft manufacturer based in France, Airbus, will pay €1.3bn (US$1.4bn).

The company confirmed the payout i...

Due to delays on its A400M program, the aircraft manufacturer based in France, Airbus, will pay €1.3bn (US$1.4bn).

The company confirmed the payout in its 2017 report, claiming the funds would alleviate the “impact of the adaptions on schedule, capabilities and retrofit” of the program.

The project is the largest and most costly aerospace launch on the continent – it was originally valued at €20bn ($24.5bn), but has gone significantly over budget.

The company has written off €7bn ($8.868bn) on the A400M project – a military transport airacft designed to challenge current C-130 and C-17 models manufactured by Lockheed-Martin and Boeing.

The program has been delayed due to mismanagement, ambitious claims and promises, and ineffective contractor decisions.


The manufacturing project was cut due to lack of funding, which was later supplied by buyer nations.

During the testing of an aircraft in 2015, it crashed and four Airbus personnel were killed.

“On A400M, we made progress on the industrial and capabilities front and agreed a re-baselining with government customers which will significantly reduce the remaining programme risks,” reported CEO of Airbus, Tom Enders.

“This is reflected in a substantial one-off charge,” Enders added.

In the space of a year, Airbus has produced 19 of its A400M aircrafts, 11% more than the 17 it made in the same review period of the previous year.

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May 12, 2021

Ultium Cells LLC/Li-Cycle: Sustainable Battery Manufacturing

2 min
Ultium Cells LLC and Li-Cycle join forces to expand recycling in North America, recycling up to 100% of the scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing

Ultium Cells LLC - a joint venture between General Motors and LG Energy Solutions - has announced its latest collaboration with Li-Cycle. Joining forces the two have set ambitions to expand recycling in North America, recycling up to 100% of the scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing


What is Ultium Cells LLC?

Announcing their partnership in December 2019, General Motors (GM) and LG Energy Solutions established Ultium Cells LLC with a mission to “ensure excellence of Battery Cell Manufacturing through implementation of best practices from each company to contribute [to the] expansion of a Zero Emission propulsion on a global scale.”

Who is Li-Cycle?

Founded in 2016, Li-Cycle leverages innovative solutions to address emerging and urgent challenges around the world.

As the use of Lithium-ion rechargeable batteries in automotive, industrial energy storage, and consumer electronic applications rises, Li-Cycle believes that “the world needs improved technology and supply chain innovations to better recycle these batteries, while also meeting the rapidly growing demand for critical and scarce battery-grade materials.”

Why are Ultium Cells LLC and Li-Cycle join forces?

By joining forces to expand the recycling of scrap materials in battery cell manufacturing in North America, the new recycling process will allow Ultium Cells LLC to recycle cobalt, nickel, lithium, graphite, copper, manganese and aluminum.

“95% of these materials can be used in the production of new batteries or for adjacent industries,” says GM, who explains that the new hydrometallurgical process emits 30% less greenhouse gases (GHGs) than traditional processes, minimising the environmental impact. Use of this process will begin later in the year (2021).

"Our combined efforts with Ultium Cells will be instrumental in redirecting battery manufacturing scrap from landfills and returning a substantial amount of valuable battery-grade materials back into the battery supply chain. This partnership is a critical step forward in advancing our proven lithium-ion resource recovery technology as a more sustainable alternative to mining, " said Ajay Kochhar, President, CEO and co-founder of Li-Cycle.

"GM's zero-waste initiative aims to divert more than 90% of its manufacturing waste from landfills and incineration globally by 2025. Now, we're going to work closely with Ultium Cells and Li-Cycle to help the industry get even better use out of the materials,” added Ken Morris, Vice President of Electric and Autonomous Vehicles, GM.

Since 2013, GM has recycled or reused 100% of the battery packs it has received from customers, with most current GM EVs repaired with refurbished packs.

"We strive to make more with less waste and energy expended. This is a crucial step in improving the sustainability of our components and manufacturing processes,” concluded Thomas Gallagher, Chief Operating Officer, Ultium Cells LLC.

Image source: 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5

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