General Motors Factory ZERO: dedicated to EV production
Situated between two cities in Michigan - Detroit and Hamtramck - General Motors' first fully dedicated electric vehicle assembly plant will build the automotive manufacturer’s Chevrolet Silverado Electric Pickup and GMC HUMMER EV SUV.
Everything you need to know about Factory Zero
Originally known as Detroit-Hamtramck, Factory ZERO was built in 1985 manufacturing over three million vehicles over the years.
Undergoing a complete renovation and re-tooling, Factory ZERO has been transformed into “one of the most modern automotive plants in the country.” Expanding to more than 4.5 million square feet, Factory Zero plays a significant role in advancing the company's vision of “a world with zero crashes, zero emissions and zero congestion.”
“The vehicles coming from Factory ZERO will change the world, and how the world views electric vehicles,” said Mark Reuss, President, General Motors.
“Factory ZERO will serve as GM’s flagship assembly plant in our journey to an all-electric future,” added Phil Kienle, vice president of North America Manufacturing and Labor Relations, General Motors.
Committed to sourcing 100 per cent renewable energy by 2030 for its US facilities, Factory ZERO will be equipped with some of the most advanced technology and tooling that drive sustainable manufacturing.
“In fact, all DTE-supplied GM facilities in southeast Michigan, including Factory ZERO, will be powered by renewable energy by 2023. The factory also features a 30-kilowatt solar carport and 516-kilowatt solar array from DTE,” stated General Motors.
In addition, Factory ZERO is also a certified wildlife habitat site with pollinator grasslands and formal native-plant gardens for a variety of species including monarchs, foxes and turkeys.
Furthering quality and safety, Factory ZERO is harnessing the capabilities of the internet of things (IoT) to enable connected devices.
“In November 2020, that Factory ZERO will become the first U.S. automotive plant to install Verizon’s 5G Ultra-Wideband technology,” said General Motors, who explains that “key benefits of 5G in a manufacturing plant include reliability, speed and sheer scale. 5G’s massive bandwidth offers the possibility to manage thousands of devices across Factory ZERO’s footprint, with ample capacity to support emerging technologies.”
Did you know? General Motors plans to deliver over one million electric vehicles (EVs) globally by 2025, with further ambitions to earn EV market leadership in North America.
Timeline: Tesla's Construction of Gigafactories
Tesla's mission to accelerate the world's transition to sustainable energy
Founded in 2003, Tesla was established by a group of engineers with a drive to "prove that people didn’t need to compromise to drive electric – that electric vehicles can be better, quicker and more fun to drive than gasoline cars." Almost 20 years on, Tesla today is not only manufacturing all electric vehicles, but scaleable clean energy generation and storage too.
"Tesla believes the faster the world stops relying on fossil fuels and moves towards a zero-emission future, the better," says Tesla. "Electric cars, batteries, and renewable energy generation and storage already exist independently, but when combined, they become even more powerful – that’s the future we want. "
In order to deliver on its promise of "accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy through increasingly affordable electric vehicles and energy products," Tesla's Gigafactory journey began in 2014 to meet its produciton goals of 500,000 cars per year (a figure which would require the entire worlds supply of lithium-ion batteries at the time).
By ramping up its production and bringing it in-house, the cost of Tesla 's battery cells declined "through economies of scale, innovative manufacturing, reduction of waste, and the simple optimisation of locating most manufacturing processes under one roof." With this reduction in battery cost, "Tesla can make products available to more and more people, allowing us to make the biggest possible impact on transitioning the world to sustainable energy."
2014: Giga Nevada and Giga New York begin construction
Born out of necessity to meet its own supply demand for sustainable energy, Tesla began the construction of its first Gigafactory in June 2014, in Reno, Nevada, followed by its Buffalo, New York facility the same year. "By bringing cell production in-house, Tesla manufactures batteries at the volumes required to meet production goals, while creating thousands of jobs," said Tesla.
2016: Reno, Nevada grand opening
Tesla’s construction of Giga Nevada came to an end in 2016, the first of its Gigafactories to complete its construction project. The factory’s grand opening took place in July 2016, and by mid-2018 reached an annual battery production rate of 20 GWh, which made it the highest-volume battery plant in the world that year.
2017: Giga New York begins production
Two years after Tesla’s second Gigafactory began construction, Giga New York was complete, and started its production operations in 2017.
2019: Giga Shanghai construction to production in record time
In 2019, Tesla selected Shanghai as its third Gigafactory location. The company constructed the factory in record time, taking just 168 working days from gaining permits to finishing the plant's construction.
2019: Giga Berlin begins construction
Announced in November 2019, Tesla began the construction of its first European Gigafactory in Berlin. The Gigafactory is still under construction.
2020: Giga Texas begins construction
The following year in August 2020, Tesla began the construction of its Giga Texas factory. The company’s third Gigafactory in the US is still under construction.
2021: Giga Texas and Giga Berlin expected completion of construction
Looking to the future, Tesla expects to complete the construction of its Giga Texas and Giga Berlin factories in May 2021 and July 2021 respectively.