May 16, 2020

Measuring gender inequality in manufacturing

gender inequality
Laura Houghton
4 min
Measuring gender inequality in manufacturing
Gender inequality has always been a strongly debated topic. In the past few months, however, the issue has made headline news after an unprecedented num...

Gender inequality has always been a strongly debated topic. In the past few months, however, the issue has made headline news after an unprecedented number of women around the globe took to the streets to protest about President Trump’s policies on women’s issues.

Turning to focus on the world of manufacturing, promoting gender equality has been an aim of the ethical trading industry for a number of years now. Many companies have been working with NGOs and the UN to find a sustainable way of eliminating gender discrimination and preventing sexual assault.

While most business leaders acknowledge that gender discrimination is a serious issue that needs addressing, manufacturing as an industry falls down at a few critical hurdles. Auditing and measurement fall into this category. Ultimately, retail is still far too reliant on these processes, which do little more than review, analyse and report on a brief snapshot in time.

Don’t let bad data inform your decisions

I’m a firm believer that no data is better than bad data. It is a widely acknowledged fact by those working in the ethical trading industry that gender discrimination is rife in the world of manufacturing. So, when brands end up with matrices and risk assessments that are primarily based on limited audit findings that declare there is “no evidence of gender discrimination or sexual assault in their factories”, the next logical step is to start questioning the ability of audits to reflect reality.

The real problem with audits

The idea of moving beyond audits is not a new one. Yet the situation isn’t that simple. Some research has shown that audits do in fact help improve outcomes for issues such as child labour and health and safety. It gets complicated, however, when you try to use audits to measure ‘soft issues’, like gender discrimination.

With enormous databases of information about the state of gender equality within manufacturing at our fingertips, you would expect to find at least a few instances of discrimination or violence against women. But, according to anecdotal evidence, most companies struggle to record a single substantiated case.

This comes down to a few factors. Firstly, often auditors are men, which unfortunately means there are frequently inconsistencies in what they choose to document. Then there is the fact that gender discrimination is best assessed within a cultural context. No manufacturing plant sits completely separate from the world around it; the way women are treated within a factory is significantly impacted by the attitudes of the surrounding communities. This is true regardless of whether these communities are in developing or developed countries.

Collaborate to create change

So, the big question is: how can you measure something as intangible as gender discrimination? Audits certainly don’t paint a detailed enough picture by themselves. One thing companies can do to build a better understanding of the issue is to work more closely with other brands. Using a participatory approach will mean it’s that much easier to draw comparisons between suppliers and assess the differences in working conditions or any instances of gender inequality. It also means that companies can begin to understand which practices are leading to fewer reports of discrimination, and which are making little difference to the issue. 

On top of these company partnerships, collaboration needs to happen with the wider community. Often, discrimination against women isn’t a company-centric issue, but is driven by deeper issues within the local community. If a company wants to make a real difference, they should be seeking visibility of the lives and working conditions of those amongst their supply chain. By doing this, brands can develop programs that help their factory workers to address the problem in a cultural context.

Tackle the big issues

Realistically, this change won’t happen overnight. It will take real time and dedication from all stakeholders to ensure that gender equality is made a priority. But accurately measuring the problem of gender discrimination within manufacturing can no longer be neglected if we’re to truly make a difference to the lives of women across the world. Ultimately, ethical trading teams need to look further than audit findings that, in reality, should be taken with a pinch of salt.

By Laura Houghton, Segura


Follow @ManufacturingGL and @NellWalkerMG

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Jun 23, 2021

Hexagon Revolutionises Manufacturing Design Process

Elise Leise
3 min
Fugaku’s supercomputer allows Hexagon’s clients can use complex CFD simulation to drive innovation in next-gen aircraft and electric vehicle manufacturing

A global leader in sensor, software and autonomous solutions, Hexagon recently announced that complex CFD (computational fluid dynamics) simulations can now be completed with the help of the world’s fastest supercomputer, Fugaku. Before this breakthrough, CFD simulations were far too expensive and time-consuming to run. Now, however, engineers can use these high-detail simulations to explore new ideas, iterate their designs, and optimise next-gen aircraft and electric vehicle manufacturing. 


Thanks to Hexagon, manufacturers can now analyse what they’re up against before starting their build process—with one-third the energy use of traditional simulations and a fraction of the cost. This is only the latest step in Hexagon’s mission to use design and engineering data to speed up smart manufacturing. As the company wrote: ‘The idea of putting data to work is part of Hexagon’s DNA’. 


What Are CFD Simulations?

Simply put, they’re simulations so complex and powerful that engineers usually have to spend hours upon hours simplifying their designs. 90% of an engineer’s time can centre around this task—but not with Fugaku-powered simulations. Now, original designs can be fed into the simulation software, reaching a much closer approximation of reality. 


With the ARM-powered Fugaku supercomputer, Hexagon’s Cradle CFD clients can now reduce simulation cost, conserve valuable energy, and integrate high-detail simulations into their daily operations. At a time when the automotive and aerospace industries are racing to bring safe and sustainable transport options to market, in fact, CFD simulations could be the key to success. 


How Does CFD Change the Game? 

As auto manufacturers transition to electric vehicles, they must understand how design adjustments will affect the vehicle in real-time. Instead of physically iterating their blueprints, they’d rather work it out in theory. With CFD, engineers can now pre-test critical safety, performance, and longevity features—for example, how aerodynamics will interact with energy efficiency, or how thermal management will operate under a range of parameters. Essentially, CFD simulations speed up the design process and cut down on costly mistakes. 


Said Roger Assaker, President of Design & Engineering in Hexagon’s Manufacturing Intelligence division: ‘Simulation holds the key to innovations in aerospace and eMobility. Advances such as the low-power Fugaku supercomputing architecture are one of the ways we can tap into these insights without costing the Earth, and I am delighted by what our Cradle CFD team and our partners have achieved’. 



How Did Testing Unfold? 

Hexagon collaborated with Fujitsu Limited to create and complete several test situations. Here’s a quick look at two of their trials: 

  • Prototyped a typical family car. This is only possible with enhanced computing power. The car model consisted of 70 million elements using 960 cores and was simulated until it reached a  steady-state using the RANS equation over 1000 cycles. 
  • Simulated transonic compressible fluid around an aeroplane. Made up of approximately 230 million elements, the simulation used 4,000 nodes using 192,000 computing cores and relied on 48,000 processes via Message Passing Interface (MPI). 

Tomohiro Irie, Hexagon’s Director of R&D for Cradle CFD, commented on the recent progress: ‘I expect that these technical developments will contribute to making the power of Fugaku more accessible for general use, bringing huge freedom and improved insights to engineering teams solving tomorrow’s problems today’. 

Overall, Hexagon intends to continue driving product innovation forward, with smart manufacturing that adapts to conditions in real-time, pursues perfect quality, and optimises designs for zero waste. And there’s little doubt about it. With 20,000 employees in 50 countries, coupled with Fugaku’s supercomputing capabilities, Hexagon is uniquely poised to succeed.

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